Export of labor resources from Kyrgyzstan: Tendencies and consequences

The article discusses contemporary tendencies in the export of labor resources T from Kyrgyzstan. The issue of seeking employment abroad remains topical for a significant share of the country’s population due to the complicated socio-economic situation and high levels of unemployment and poverty. The major vectors of labor resources’ export are researched—in the recent years, citizens of Kyrgyzstan have been seeking employment in Kazakhstan, Turkey, Rumania and South Korea increasingly more often. An assessment of factors that define Russian Federation as the key receiving country is provided. Most of those working abroad continue to choose Russia, despite the increase in the share of the younger generation that often considers other countries. Young men aged 20-29 with a completed high school education are currently predominant in the labor migrant flow. The presence of cultural and historic ties, along with the tight proximate transport connectivity has established the framework for the development of close economic relations, including the issues related to the export and import of labor resources. The widespread use of the Russian language in the Kyrgyz Republic allows to obtain significant competitive advantages when obtaining employment in various spheres of the Russian economy. An analysis of the struc-struc-ture and number of workers, their distribution over Russian regions and employment spheres is conducted. A clear eastern vector is apparent in the migration of Kyrgyz citizens to Siberia, the Urals and the Russian Far East, despite the fact that a significant share of workers is still concentrated in the major cities of the European part of Russia. The share of migrants from the Kyrgyz Republic among the working population is currently higher beyond the Ural Mountains— Kyrgyz labor force is becoming increasingly more needed specifically in the Eastern part of Russia. The contribution of labor migration to the economy of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Russian Federation at the national and regional levels is studied. Employment opportunities available to Kyrgyz Republic citizens are described. The process of establishment of ethnic Kyrgyz community organizations and their influence on the quality of life and labor conditions, as well as on the growth of the number of migrant workers from the Kyrgyz Republic are discussed. The Kyrgyz Republic’s problems related to the labor resource export are analyzed. The outflow of able-bodied population with an active life potential leads to noticeable degradation of the country’s social system. Opportunities for subsequent development of the Kyrgyz Republic’s economy are brought ture to light. © 2019, CA and C Press AB. All rights reserved.

Ryazantsev S. 1 , Pismennaya E. 2 , Miryazov T.3 , Dudina O. 4
CA and CC Press AB
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  • 1 Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Department of Demographic and Migration Policy, MGIMO-University, Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Department of International Economic Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 Department of Sociology, History and Philosophy, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Leading Research Fellow of the Center for Social Demography, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 Center for Social Demography, Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 4 Department of Sociology, History and Philosophy of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation
Export of labor resources; Kyrgyz workers; Kyrgyzstan; Labor resources; Working migrants
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