Metal complexes with 1,5- and 1,8-dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinones: Electronic absorption spectra and structure of ligands
Metal complexes with 1,5-dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone are studied by the spectrophotometric, quantum-chemical, and correlation methods. It was established that the ligand in these complexes can occur in seven excited states that differ not only in the ionization degree but also in the prevailing contribution of the tautomeric 9,10-, 1,10-, and 1,5-anthraquinoid structures. In all known complexes with 1,8-dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone and singly ionized ligand, this ligand has the 1,10-anthraquinoid structure; in complexes with the doubly ionized ligand, the latter ligand most often has the 9,10-anthraquinoid structure. The known complexes are classified according to the ligand structures.