The Becoming and Development of the Scientific School of Physiology of Kidneys and Water-Salt Metabolism in Novosibirsk
The article considers analysis of stages of becoming and development of scientific school of physiology of kidneys and water-salt metabolism in at the chair of normal physiology of the Novosibirsk State Medical Institute (University) being one of branches of prominent physiological school of I. P. Pavlov-L. A. Orbeli-A. G. Ginetsinsky and his disciples. An original periodization of its history (precondition, becoming, development and concluding periods) is proposed. The fundamental role of professor A.G. Ginetsinsky in becoming of the given physiological school and its further development under the guidance of professor Ya.D. Finkinshtein are established. The key directions of activities of this scientific school such as links of reflex mechanisms of osmoregulation; the ontogenic features of osmoregulatory mechanisms, role of hypothalamic-pituitary system hormones in maintenance of water-electrolyte homeostasis, osmoregulatory reflexes at various pathophysiological processes, regulation of micro-circulatory processes of formation of cerebro-spinal liquid, development of conceptions of reflex regulation of ionic homeostasis are established and analyzed. The study demonstrated that the given physiological school fully conforms to criteria of scientific school (availability of leader, intergenerational continuity, unity of problematics, duration of existence in time and space, recognition of input into science by disciplinary scientific community).
1 Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "The Novosibirsk State Pedagogic University" of Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russia, Novosibirsk, 630126, Russian Federation
2 Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia" of Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
3 Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "The Novosibirsk National Research State University" of Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russia of Russia, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
history of medicine; history of physiology; kidneys; osmoregulation; water-salt metabolism