Testing of serum atherogenicity in cell cultures: Questionable data published [Bewertung der serumatherogenität in den Zellkulturen: Fragliche Daten veröffentlicht]

In a large series of studies was reported that culturing of smooth muscle cells with serum from atherosclerosis patients caused intracellular lipid accumulation, while serum from healthy controls had no such effect. Cultures were used for evaluation of antiatherogenic drugs. Numerous substances were reported to lower serum atherogenicity: statins, trapidil, calcium antagonists, garlic derivatives etc. On the contrary, betablockers, phenothiazines and oral hypoglycemics were reported to be pro-atherogenic. Known antiatherogenic agents can influence lipid metabolism and cholesterol synthesis, intestinal absorption or endothelium- related mechanisms. All these targets are absent in cell monocultures. Inflammatory factors, addressed by some antiatherogenic drugs, are also not reproduced. In vivo, relationship between cholesterol uptake by cells and atherogenesis must be inverse rather than direct: in familial hypercholesterolemia, inefficient clearance of LDL-cholesterol by cells predisposes to atherosclerosis. Accordingly, if a pharmacological agent reduces cholesterol uptake by cells in vitro, it should be expected to elevate cholesterol in vivo. Validity of clinical recommendations, based on serum atherogenicity testing in cell monocultures, is therefore questionable. These considerations pertain also to the drugs developed on the basis of the cell culture experiments. © 2012 Jargin.

Authors
Publisher
Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany
Status
Published
Volume
10
Year
2012
Organizations
  • 1 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Clementovski per 6-82, 115184 Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords
Atherosclerosis; Cell culture; Cholesterol; Serum
Date of creation
19.10.2018
Date of change
19.10.2018
Short link
https://repository.rudn.ru/en/records/article/record/2378/