Heteroleptic Crown-Substituted Tris(phthalocyaninates) as Dynamic Supramolecular Scaffolds with Switchable Rotational States and Tunable Magnetic Properties

Herein we report single-crystal X-ray diffraction characterization and complementary solution studies of supramolecular interaction between potassium salts and heteroleptic homo- and heteronuclear triple-decker crown phthalocyaninates [(15C5)4Pc]M*[(15C5)4Pc]M(Pc) or [M*,M], where M∗ and M = Y and/or Tb. Our results evidence that, in contrast to the previously studied crown-substituted phthalocyanines, the interaction of K+ cations with [M*,M] does not induce their intermolecular aggregation. Instead, the cations reversibly intercalate between the crown-substituted phthalocyanine ligands, resulting in switching of the coordination polyhedron of the metal center M∗ from square-antiprismatic to square-prismatic. In the case of terbium(III) complexes, such a switching alters their magnetic properties, which can be read-out by 1H NMR spectroscopy. For [Tb*,Y], such a switching causes an almost 25% increase in the axial component of the magnetic susceptibility tensor. Even though the polyhedron of the paramagnetic center in [Y*,Tb] is not switched, minor structural perturbations associated with the overall reorganization of the receptor also cause smaller, but nevertheless appreciable, growth of the axial anisotropy. The observed effects render the studied complexes as molecular switches with tunable magnetic properties. ©

Martynov A.G.1 , Polovkova M.A.1 , Berezhnoy G.S.2 , Sinelshchikova A.A.1 , Khrustalev V.N. 3, 4 , Birin K.P.1 , Kirakosyan G.A.1, 2 , Gorbunova Y.G.1, 2 , Tsivadze A.Y. 1, 2
  • 1 Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky pr. 31-4, Moscow, 119071, Russian Federation
  • 2 Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky pr. 31, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
  • 3 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Miklukho-Maklay St. 6, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 4 Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky pr. 47, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
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