Patulin and Trichothecene: characteristics, occurrence, toxic effects and detection capabilities via clinical, analytical and nanostructured electrochemical sensing/biosensing assays in foodstuffs

Patulin and Trichothecene as the main groups of mycotoxins in significant quantities can cause health risks from allergic reactions to death on both humans and animals. Accordingly, rapid and highly sensitive determination of these toxics agents is of great importance. This review starts with a comprehensive outlook regarding the characteristics, occurrence and toxic effects of Patulin and Trichothecene. In the following, numerous clinical and analytical approaches have been extensively discussed. The main emphasis of this review is placed on the utilization of novel nanomaterial based electrochemical sensing/biosensing tools for highly sensitive determination of Patulin and Trichothecene. Furthermore, a detailed and comprehensive comparison has been performed between clinical, analytical and sensing methods. Subsequently, the nanomaterial based electrochemical sensing platforms have been approved as reliable tools for on-site analysis of Patulin and Trichothecene in food processing and manufacturing industries. Different nanomaterials in improving the performance of detecting assays were investigated and have various benefits toward clinical and analytical methods. This paper would address the limitations in the current developments as well as the future challenges involved in the successful construction of sensing approaches with the functionalized nanomaterials and also allow exploring into core-research works regarding this area. © 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Sohrabi H.1 , Arbabzadeh O.2 , Khaaki P.3 , Khataee A. 4, 5 , Majidi M.R.1 , Orooji Y.6
Bellwether Publishing, Ltd.
  • 1 Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
  • 2 Faculty of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
  • 3 Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
  • 4 Research Laboratory of Advanced Water and Wastewater Treatment Processes, Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
  • 5 Рeoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 6 College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, China
Contaminated food samples; electrochemical approaches; mycotoxins; sensing and biosensing assays
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