The study of the subconscious component of o. Mandelstam's poetry

The study of the subconscious component of O. Mandelstam's poetry is focused more on the subconscious than on the conscious. But how can we examine the subconscious in a poetic speech? It is necessary to use the tools and thesaurus of the science which has already been developing the theory of the subconscious for more than fifty years, psycholinguistics and neuropsychology. There is the concept of VAK analysis in these sciences. VAK analysis is the study of auditory, visual and kinaesthetic predicates and images (olfactory and gustatory predicates are included in the kinaesthetic system). Using VAK method of analysis the author makes a series of discoveries: she identifies the kinaesthetic code of Mandelstam's poetry, finds the causes of his double-poems, etc. The poetic language of Mandelstam is replete with patterns of hypnotic communication: omissions, generalisations, distortions, nominalisations, lack of a referential index, etc. Hypnotic structures in Mandelstam's poetic speech create the effect of confusion, uncertainty. Departing from the rational method, the poet uses the subconscious influence of metaphors, of specific idioms and of sensory patterns. The hypnotic effect of Mandelstam's poetry is created by using visual, auditor, kinaesthetic, olfactory and gustatory predicates and images. The study of the most part (about 500) of his verses according to the VAK system has allowed to establish that in his speech kinaesthetic predicates dominate. The system we use to experience and to represent the world are called our primary representational system. O. Mandelstam experiences and represents the world primarily kinaesthetically. The share of kinaesthetic predicates in the poetic text of O. Mandelstam is 75.3 %. This is an incredibly high percentage of kinaesthetic predicates. Some people actually do use two or more systems absolutely simultaneously, but the poetic language of Mandelstam represents an almost pure kinaesthetic code. Double-poems represent one situation, but from the point of view of different representative systems: one of the poems is usually written in the leading kinaesthetic modality of the poet, and the other in the visual modality. The second version represents the reduction of kinaesthetic predicates and the augmentation of visual predicates. Double-poems represent two different perspectives of one situation: "from the inside" (the prevalence of kinaesthetic predicates) and "outside", as if from the outside (the prevalence of visual predicates).

Tomsk State University
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  • 1 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
Auditory; Kinaesthetic; Mandelstam; VAK analysis; Visual
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