Clinical genetic determinants of carbohydrate metabolism disturbances in patients with hypertension and excessive weight
Aim. To elucidate associations of polymorphic markers of PPAR, PPARG2, IRS1, IRS2 genes with disturbances of carbohydrate metabolism in patients with hypertension and excessive weight. Material. Patients (n=145, 53 men and 92 women, age 40-75 years) with untreated stage 1 hypertension (systolic BP 140-159 and diastolic BP < 100 mm Hg) and excessive weight or obesity (body mass index > 27 kg/m(2)) were divided into 2 groups: with (group 1, n=124) and without (group 11, n=21) disturbances of carbohydrate metabolism. Group I comprised patients with insulin resistance, abnormal fasting blood glucose or glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes. Results of oral glucose tolerance test were normal in 25 and abnormal in 99 of these patients. Results. Carriers of Pro allele compared with carriers of Ala allele of PPARG2 gene had higher frequency of insulin resistance. No association was found between insulin resistance and alleles and genotypes of PPAR, IRS1, and IRS2 genes. There was an association between diastolic BP and polymorphic markers Pro12Ala of PPARG2 gene and C24313G of PPARA gene. Carriers of C allele of PPARA gene and Ala allele of PPARG2 gene had higher diastolic BP. No association was found between systolic BP and alleles and genotypes of polymorphic markers of PPARG2 and PPARA genes.